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Chinese-owned online retailer Temu sued rival Shein in the US, alleging it violated antitrust laws by using threats and intimidation to block clothing manufacturers from working with the fast-rising upstart.
Shein and Temu, owned by PDD Holdings, are two of the rising powers in online retail, a growing threat to the likes of H&M and Zara. The lawsuit offers a rare glimpse into the business models of the two secretive companies — and their fierce competitive practices.
E-commerce platforms Shein and Temu are inundating the US with $US2 shirts and $US3 backpacks sourced from mainland factories.Credit: Bloomberg
Shein has grabbed more than 75 per cent of the US “ultra fast-fashion” market since entering the market in 2017, according to the suit. After Temu entered the US in 2022, Shein responded by forcing clothing manufacturers into supply arrangements that excluded Temu, the suit alleged.
“Shein has engaged in a campaign of threats, intimidation, false assertions of infringement, and attempts to impose baseless punitive fines and has forced exclusive dealing arrangements on clothing manufacturers,” according to Temu’s complaint filed on July 14 with the US District Court for the District of Massachusetts.
The allegations come after Shein sued Temu in the US, alleging trademark and copyright infringement as well as “false and deceptive business practices.”
In a separate statement, Temu explained why it is taking action now.
“For a long time, we have exercised significant restraint and refrained from pursuing legal actions. However, Shein’s escalating attacks leave us no choice but to take legal measures to defend our rights and the rights of those merchants doing business on Temu, as well as the consumers’ rights to a wide variety of affordable products,” the company said.
Shein led the way in pioneering ultra fast-fashion, offering consumers the latest fashion products at bargain prices, with shirts and swimsuits as low as $US2. That helped the company become one of the most successful startups in the world, with a valuation of $US66 billion ($97 billion), according to the market research firm CB Insights.
“We believe this lawsuit is without merit, and we will vigorously defend ourselves,” a Shein spokesperson said in an email statement.
Temu alleged that Shein engages in at least four strategies to stifle competition, including levying fines and penalties on suppliers that work with Temu and forcing suppliers to sign “loyalty oaths.” Shein also issues “public penalty notices and imposes extrajudicial fines on disobedient manufacturers for supplying product to Temu.”
Temu alleged in the suit that, as of May, “Shein has required all of the approximately 8338 manufacturers supplying or selling on the Shein platform to execute Exclusive-Dealing Agreements, which prevent those manufacturers from offering products on the Temu Platform or supplying products to sellers on the Temu Platform.” The 8000-plus manufacturers that supply Shein represent 70 per cent to 80 per cent of the total number of merchants capable of supplying ultra-fast fashion, Temu said.
Temu said merchants have pulled more than 10,000 listings as a result of Shein’s actions. In the lawsuit, the PDD unit cited examples of clothing manufacturers that had cut their presence or stopped business on the platform, “to appease” Shein.
“Shein knows that manufacturers need Shein’s volume and its access to the US market, and it is therefore able to coerce manufacturers into arrangements that force manufacturers not to do business with Temu,” the company alleged.
The case is Whaleco Inc v Shein US Services LLC, D Mass., No 23-cv-11596, 7/14/23
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